The baboon has been known for thousands of years (it appears in the Egyptian mythology too). Its name was given by the French naturalist Buffon.
Translated from Greek (lat. Papio Cynocephalus), Baboon means “dog’s head” and this name was given to it due to its long muzzle which is unusual for a primate.
Baboons eat, sleep and travel in groups of 50-80 individuals among whom there are 7 or 8 adult males, females and their infants. Females hold the main role in the group. After becoming adults, males leave the group.
Baboons eat both meat and vegetables. Most of their alimentation includes grass and roots, fruit, seeds, bark of trees and leaves. They also feed on: insects, fish, birds and their eggs, rodents and even young antelope.
Some conflicts among males are solved with the help of infants. They use it as a “shield” – The weaker male holds an infant and gets closer to the other, knowing that the latter won’t do it any harm.