The macaque is part of the Cercopithecinae subfamily, the Macaca genus, which includes 22 species. Its name comes from Portuguese and means “monkey”.
These short primates have a long muzzle and unique facial expression due mainly to its strongly arched eyebrows, big fangs and large cheek pouches. Although they have limbs of equal length, in some species the tail is longer than the body.
They live in groups of 10 to 30 individuals and can adapt to the most various climates and habitats, from tropical jungle to snow capped mountains. The group is composed of members of both sexes, each member inheriting its mother’s rank.
They eat fruits, flowers, insects, eggs, crabs and small mammals.
The female is the one which chooses its partner. Sometimes, it prefers a male of an inferior rank to the dominant. Males offer themselves to take care of the infant whether it is their offspring or not.