The deer is a herbivorous mammal of red-brown color, showing a huge sexual dimorphism.
Unlike hinds, stags are bigger and have antlers.
Males weigh between 180-300 kg, and the hinds weigh between 80-150 kg. Males loose their antlers at the beginning of each March; this phenomenon continues even until May depending on the type and age of each male.
The deer is a sociable animal from autumn to spring, and in this period they form herds which are led by a young deer, whilst the females have a separate group, made only from hinds and they are led by the oldest hind. The old or very strong deer live solitary.
During the winter, their food is poor. They eat stems, buds, bark of trees, green leaves which appear under the snow, herbs and green plants on agricultural ground.
In general, the hinds give birth to 1-2 fawns (rarely to 3 fawns). The fawns are able to follow their mother after 1-2 hours. During the mating period the stag roars or bells.
Both female and male snort when they are in danger.