Scientifically known under the name of Canis lupus tundrorum, the Tundra Wolf lives at the North Pole in areas where temperatures are often under – 30 degrees Celsius.
Without tail, it measures up to 150 cm. It ranges up to 80 cm tall, weighs about 80 kg and lives 7 years.
The tundra wolves live in small groups and migrate continuously during autumn and winter. The group is lead by an alpha pair, both holding a rank in the pack.
The tundra wolf feeds on reindeer, polar deer, elk, lemming and arctic rabbit. Although it is omnivorous in need, being able to survive with fruits and other vegetables (eating only bark of trees), the wolf favors meat. It behaves both as a hunter and a scavenger, being an important factor in maintaining the natural balance.
The mating takes place in February-March. Then, the wolf stays with the she-wolf to raise their pups together. After that, the wolves (and the young wolves) gather in packs which can mix during severe winters.