The lion is a mammal of the Felidae family.
Although it is known as the “king of the jungle”, it is an animal of the open plains, and can be found throughout Africa.
It is nevertheless a threatened species with significant populations being limited to national parks in Tanzania and South Africa.
The lions’ sizes can vary according to the areas they live in, but the female weigh an average of 120 – 180 kg, while the male weigh 150-230 kg. The head and body length is 140–175 cm in females and 170–250 cm in males.
Lions are carnivores that live in family groups, consisting of related females, cubs of both sexes, and an unrelated male who mates with the adult females. The females do the hunting for the pride while the males are largely occupied with maintaining the borders of their territory.
Lions are powerful animals that usually hunt in coordinated groups. Their prey consists mainly of large mammals such as: impala antelopes, zebras, buffalo in Africa and wild boar, or several deer species in India. Many other species are hunted, based on availability.
Lionesses become sexually mature when they are 3 or 4 years old. Lions mate at any specific time of year and can reproduce a few times per year. Females can mate with more than one male, and during the mating period, which may last several days, the couple copulates 20 to 40 times a day.